2018开奖结查询

湖南省人民政府门户网站 发布时间:20191213 【字体:

  2018开奖结查询

  

  20191213 ,>>【2018开奖结查询】>>,DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.

   DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.CarrieLamChengYuet-ngor.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)HongKongChiefExecutiveCarrieLamChengYuet-ngorexpressedherdeepconcernsthatviolencehasspreadtothecity'sschools,posingahugesafetythreat,aftertworemote-controlled,fullyfunctional,homemadeexplosivedeviceswerefoundanddefusedatasecondaryschoolcampusonMonday.SpeakingtothemediabeforeaweeklyExecutiveCouncilmeeting,LamsaidonTuesdaythebroadparticipationofstudentsinmonthsofunresthasbeenveryalarmingandworryingasstudentsarrestedoverthepastsixmonthscamefrommorethan300schools.AlsoonMonday,sixstudentsandateacherwerearrestedinSheungShui,NewTerritories,onsuspicionofplottingtoblockroadswithbarricades,accordingtopolice.LamhasaskedSecretaryforEducationKevinYeungtoseriouslyfollowuponcasesinvolvingteacherscurrentlyunderarrest.Shealsocalledonschoolstocontinuetopreventstudentsfromengaginginunlawfulactivitiesandtokeepthemawayfromviolence.Ofthe6,022peoplearrestedsinceJune,40percentwerestudents,policesaidonMonday.Thecity'sEducationBureaurequiredlocalschoolslastmonthtodisciplinethosestudentswhotookpartinunlawfulactivitiessuchasdisruptingsubwaytrainsandblockedmajorroads,leadingtoaweeklongsuspensionofclassesatprimaryandsecondaryschools.ThisisthefirsttimehomemadebombswerefoundatasecondaryschoolsincetheextraditionbillincidentstartedinJune.Theremote-controlledbombs,foundonthecampusofWahYanCollege,asecondaryschoolinWanChai,HongKongIsland,weresubsequentlydefusedbytheHongKongpoliceonMondayevening."Bothofthesedeviceshaveonlyonefunction,tokillandtomaimpeople,giventhequantitiesoftheexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,"AlickMcWhirter,aspecialistsuperintendentintheHongKongPoliceExplosiveOrdnanceDisposalBureau,saidatamediabriefingonMonday.Thebombscontainedatotalofabout10kilogramsofhighexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,accordingtoMcWhirter.Theradio-controlleddeviceswere"fullyfunctionalandreadytobeused",hesaid,addingthatthebombs'rangewasbetween50and100meters.Policewillattempttorevealtheperpetrator'sidentity,motiveandtarget,aswellastheincident'sconnectionwithrecentviolentactivities,HongKongPoliceOrganizedCrimeandTriadBureauSeniorSuperintendentLiKwai-wahtoldthemediaonMonday.Lisaidmakingorpossessingexplosivesisaseriouscrimesubjecttoupto14yearsimprisonment.Anyoneusinganyexplosivesubstancetocauseanexplosionlikelytoendangerlifeorcauseseriousinjurytopropertyisliabletolifeimprisonment,hewarned.WahYanCollegeresumedclassesonTuesdayafterpolicethoroughlyinspectedthecampusandconfirmeditwassafeandsecure.Theschoolissuedastatementexpressinggratitudetothepoliceforkeepingthecampussafeandpledgedtofullycooperatewithpoliceintheirinvestigation.LamalsodismissedrumorsTuesdaythatlocalofficialswouldbereshuffled,sayingrestoringlawandorderandpromotingthecity'seconomicandsocialdevelopmentwereherimmediatepriorities.

 

  DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.

 

  <<|2018开奖结查询|>>CarrieLamChengYuet-ngor.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)HongKongChiefExecutiveCarrieLamChengYuet-ngorexpressedherdeepconcernsthatviolencehasspreadtothecity'sschools,posingahugesafetythreat,aftertworemote-controlled,fullyfunctional,homemadeexplosivedeviceswerefoundanddefusedatasecondaryschoolcampusonMonday.SpeakingtothemediabeforeaweeklyExecutiveCouncilmeeting,LamsaidonTuesdaythebroadparticipationofstudentsinmonthsofunresthasbeenveryalarmingandworryingasstudentsarrestedoverthepastsixmonthscamefrommorethan300schools.AlsoonMonday,sixstudentsandateacherwerearrestedinSheungShui,NewTerritories,onsuspicionofplottingtoblockroadswithbarricades,accordingtopolice.LamhasaskedSecretaryforEducationKevinYeungtoseriouslyfollowuponcasesinvolvingteacherscurrentlyunderarrest.Shealsocalledonschoolstocontinuetopreventstudentsfromengaginginunlawfulactivitiesandtokeepthemawayfromviolence.Ofthe6,022peoplearrestedsinceJune,40percentwerestudents,policesaidonMonday.Thecity'sEducationBureaurequiredlocalschoolslastmonthtodisciplinethosestudentswhotookpartinunlawfulactivitiessuchasdisruptingsubwaytrainsandblockedmajorroads,leadingtoaweeklongsuspensionofclassesatprimaryandsecondaryschools.ThisisthefirsttimehomemadebombswerefoundatasecondaryschoolsincetheextraditionbillincidentstartedinJune.Theremote-controlledbombs,foundonthecampusofWahYanCollege,asecondaryschoolinWanChai,HongKongIsland,weresubsequentlydefusedbytheHongKongpoliceonMondayevening."Bothofthesedeviceshaveonlyonefunction,tokillandtomaimpeople,giventhequantitiesoftheexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,"AlickMcWhirter,aspecialistsuperintendentintheHongKongPoliceExplosiveOrdnanceDisposalBureau,saidatamediabriefingonMonday.Thebombscontainedatotalofabout10kilogramsofhighexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,accordingtoMcWhirter.Theradio-controlleddeviceswere"fullyfunctionalandreadytobeused",hesaid,addingthatthebombs'rangewasbetween50and100meters.Policewillattempttorevealtheperpetrator'sidentity,motiveandtarget,aswellastheincident'sconnectionwithrecentviolentactivities,HongKongPoliceOrganizedCrimeandTriadBureauSeniorSuperintendentLiKwai-wahtoldthemediaonMonday.Lisaidmakingorpossessingexplosivesisaseriouscrimesubjecttoupto14yearsimprisonment.Anyoneusinganyexplosivesubstancetocauseanexplosionlikelytoendangerlifeorcauseseriousinjurytopropertyisliabletolifeimprisonment,hewarned.WahYanCollegeresumedclassesonTuesdayafterpolicethoroughlyinspectedthecampusandconfirmeditwassafeandsecure.Theschoolissuedastatementexpressinggratitudetothepoliceforkeepingthecampussafeandpledgedtofullycooperatewithpoliceintheirinvestigation.LamalsodismissedrumorsTuesdaythatlocalofficialswouldbereshuffled,sayingrestoringlawandorderandpromotingthecity'seconomicandsocialdevelopmentwereherimmediatepriorities.

   CarrieLamChengYuet-ngor.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)HongKongChiefExecutiveCarrieLamChengYuet-ngorexpressedherdeepconcernsthatviolencehasspreadtothecity'sschools,posingahugesafetythreat,aftertworemote-controlled,fullyfunctional,homemadeexplosivedeviceswerefoundanddefusedatasecondaryschoolcampusonMonday.SpeakingtothemediabeforeaweeklyExecutiveCouncilmeeting,LamsaidonTuesdaythebroadparticipationofstudentsinmonthsofunresthasbeenveryalarmingandworryingasstudentsarrestedoverthepastsixmonthscamefrommorethan300schools.AlsoonMonday,sixstudentsandateacherwerearrestedinSheungShui,NewTerritories,onsuspicionofplottingtoblockroadswithbarricades,accordingtopolice.LamhasaskedSecretaryforEducationKevinYeungtoseriouslyfollowuponcasesinvolvingteacherscurrentlyunderarrest.Shealsocalledonschoolstocontinuetopreventstudentsfromengaginginunlawfulactivitiesandtokeepthemawayfromviolence.Ofthe6,022peoplearrestedsinceJune,40percentwerestudents,policesaidonMonday.Thecity'sEducationBureaurequiredlocalschoolslastmonthtodisciplinethosestudentswhotookpartinunlawfulactivitiessuchasdisruptingsubwaytrainsandblockedmajorroads,leadingtoaweeklongsuspensionofclassesatprimaryandsecondaryschools.ThisisthefirsttimehomemadebombswerefoundatasecondaryschoolsincetheextraditionbillincidentstartedinJune.Theremote-controlledbombs,foundonthecampusofWahYanCollege,asecondaryschoolinWanChai,HongKongIsland,weresubsequentlydefusedbytheHongKongpoliceonMondayevening."Bothofthesedeviceshaveonlyonefunction,tokillandtomaimpeople,giventhequantitiesoftheexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,"AlickMcWhirter,aspecialistsuperintendentintheHongKongPoliceExplosiveOrdnanceDisposalBureau,saidatamediabriefingonMonday.Thebombscontainedatotalofabout10kilogramsofhighexplosivesandfragmentationmaterial,accordingtoMcWhirter.Theradio-controlleddeviceswere"fullyfunctionalandreadytobeused",hesaid,addingthatthebombs'rangewasbetween50and100meters.Policewillattempttorevealtheperpetrator'sidentity,motiveandtarget,aswellastheincident'sconnectionwithrecentviolentactivities,HongKongPoliceOrganizedCrimeandTriadBureauSeniorSuperintendentLiKwai-wahtoldthemediaonMonday.Lisaidmakingorpossessingexplosivesisaseriouscrimesubjecttoupto14yearsimprisonment.Anyoneusinganyexplosivesubstancetocauseanexplosionlikelytoendangerlifeorcauseseriousinjurytopropertyisliabletolifeimprisonment,hewarned.WahYanCollegeresumedclassesonTuesdayafterpolicethoroughlyinspectedthecampusandconfirmeditwassafeandsecure.Theschoolissuedastatementexpressinggratitudetothepoliceforkeepingthecampussafeandpledgedtofullycooperatewithpoliceintheirinvestigation.LamalsodismissedrumorsTuesdaythatlocalofficialswouldbereshuffled,sayingrestoringlawandorderandpromotingthecity'seconomicandsocialdevelopmentwereherimmediatepriorities.Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

   Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.

 

   DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.Nation'sforeignexchangeholdingsdropby$36.6bfromJanuarytoAprilChina's$3.12trillionforeignexchangereservemayfurtherdeclineunderthepressureofcapitaloutflows,saidexperts,predictingastrongerU.S.dollarsupportedbytheFed'spossibleinterestratehikeinJune.Thenation'sforeignexchangereserves,whichwereusedasacurrencydefensewhentheyuansufferedstrongdepreciationpressuretwoyearsago,hasdropped$36.6billionfromJanuarytoApril,after12monthsofgrowthsinceFebruary2017,accordingtodatafromthecentralbank.DuetothecontinuallystrengtheningU.S.dollar,onMonday,theonshoreChineseyuan'sspotexchangeratehititslowestlevelsinceJan23to6.3888perdollar,andtheoffshoreyuandeclinedby150pointstolowerthan6.38onthesametradingday.The10-yearU.S.Treasuryyields,whichusuallyhaveapositivecorrelationwiththeU.S.dollarandtheFederalfundsrate,exceeded3.1percentlastweek,upfrom2.8percentamonthearlier,thehighestlevelsinceMay2011,whichhassparkedturbulenceinsomeemergingmarketsincludingArgentinaandTurkey.Regionalfinancialvulnerabilityisemergingasthoseemergingeconomiesincreasedinterestratestodealwithsurgingcapitaloutflows,resultingindebtriskexposure.ZhouXiaochuan,formergovernorofthePeople'sBankofChina,thecentralbank,warnedhissuccessorsinaspeechattheweekend"tokeepacloseeyeonwhatwillhappennext"ifthe10-yearU.S.Treasuryyieldscontinuetoriseandthedollar'sstrengthwanes.Heespeciallymentionedthatfinancialvulnerabilitycouldbestimulatedbycapitaloutflowsinemergingeconomies,especiallythosethathavelargedebts."Theinteractiveimpactofsmall-probabilityeventscouldleadtosignificantresults,"hesaid.TheChina-U.S.interestratedifferentialisusuallyseenasoneofthekeyfactorsinfluencingthepaceanddirectionofcross-bordercapitalflows.AhigherU.S.interestratewillattractmorecapitalintoitscapitalmarketseekinghigherinvestmentreturns.Theinterestrategapwasabout90basispointsinAprilwhenChinesecentralbankGovernorYiGangidentifieditwasin"acomfortablerange"forbalancedcapitalflows.Nowthegaphasfallento60basispoints."Ifthereweremajorfundoutflowsandexcessivemarketvolatility,thecentralbankcouldbepressuredtohikelocalinterestratestosupportthecurrencyandavertundermininginvestorconfidence,"saidJonathanCornish,ananalystwiththeglobalcreditratingsagencyFitchRatings.Butanylocalrateincreasecouldpressuretheassetqualityofdomesticenterprisesandincreasefundingcosts,especiallygiventhecurrenthighlevelofprivate-sectorcreditinChina,althoughthePBOChasrespondedtorecentFedhikes,accordingtoCornish,whopredictedtheFed'sfundratetobe2.50percentattheyearendand3.25percentby2019.PedroMartins,chiefemergingmarketsequitystrategistandheadofLatAmEquityResearchwithJPMorgan,predictedthatU.S.policyratesshouldgraduallymoveupwardwithintwoyears,andthecentralbankbalancesheetnormalizationwilllikelyresultinrisinglong-termratesovertimeinemergingmarkets."Thereislimitedroomforfurthersovereignspreadcompressionacrossemergingmarkets,"hesaid."Thedriversbehindemergingmarkets'economicgrowtharegrowinglargeandincludeasolidpickupinglobaltradefuelingmorebenignemergingmarketdynamicsviaasustainedriseinprivatesectorconfidenceandthecreditimpulseturningpositiveforthefirsttimesince2014."  

 

   DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.DonorsofanairpurifiersetitupatakindergarteninHandan,Hebeiprovince.(PhotobyHAOQUNYING/FORCHINADAILY)GuidelineissuedinanefforttoreduceharmfrompollutionassmoghitscitiesPublicplaces,especiallyelementaryandsecondaryschools,areencouragedtoinstallairpurifierstoreduceharmfromairpollution,accordingtoaguidelinereleasedbytheNationalHealthCommission."OfficebuildingsandgymsarealsoadvisedtohaveairpurificationsystemsorairpurifierstoreducePM2.5concentrations,"accordingtotheguidelinereleasedbythecommissionlastweek.Indensely-populatedplaces,centralventilationsystemsarerecommendedtopreventtheconcentrationofcarbondioxide,theguidelinesaid.Further,inplacesthatalreadyhaveairconditionersitisbettertoinstallequipmentthatcanfilterouttiny,fineparticleswithadiameterof2.5micrometersorless,accordingtotheguideline.Smokingshouldbeprohibitedinallpublicplaces,italsoemphasized."Exposuretofineparticlescancauseshort-termhealtheffectssuchaseye,nose,throatandlungirritation,aswellascoughing,sneezing,runnynoseandshortnessofbreath,"theguidelinesaid."Itcanalsoaffectlungfunctionandworsenmedicalconditionssuchasasthmaandheartdisease.Long-termexposuretoPM2.5willalsoincreaserespiratoryandcardiovascularproblems,aswellashospitaladmissions,"itsaid.Moreover,theguidelineexplainedthatsmogwillreduceultravioletradiation,whichmayresultindepression,anincreaseofbacteriaandrickets-askeletaldisorderthatleadstosoftandweakbonesinchildren.AsairpollutionhitsmanyChinesecities,educationdepartmentsinsomeareashavetakenactiontopromoteairpurifiersatschoolsinrecentyears.In2017,educationauthoritiesinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanprovince,announcedthatairpurifierswouldbeinstalledinallitsschoolsandkindergartens.Thatsameyear,theBeijingMunicipalEducationCommissionannouncedthatcityfinanceswillbeusedtopayforthepurchaseandinstallationofairpurifiersinlocalelementaryandmiddleschools.WeiYun,motherofa4-year-oldboyinBeijing,saidanairpurificationsystemhadbeeninstalledinherson'skindergartenbeforeheenteredhisclassinSeptemberlastyear.Butinotherkindergartens,suchastheoneherfriend'schildisinnow,shesaidairpurifierswerenotinstalleduntiltheparentsraisedfundstobuyonelastyear.OutdoorairqualityhasimprovedacrossChinainrecentyearsduetopollutioncontrolefforts.Lastyear,theaverageconcentrationofPM2.5in338majorcitiesinChinawas39mcgpercubicmeter,adecreaseof9.3percentyear-on-year,accordingtotheMinistryofEcologyandEnvironment."Thefineparticulateisevenmoreharmfultotheelderly,childrenandpregnantpeople,"saidTaoShu,environmentalprofessoratPekingUniversity."Weshouldpaymoreattentiontoindoorairpollutionassurveysshowthatmostpeoplespendmorethan22hoursadayindoors."Withtheongoingemissionreductionefforts,itisestimatedthatatleast95percentofcitiesinChinacanachievethetargetofreducingPM2.5concentrationto35mcgpercubicmeterby2035,accordingtoTao.

 

  (环彦博 20191213 环彦博)

信息来源: 湖南日报    责任编辑: 环彦博
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